News and Views

What’s happening in the world of Landscape? We’ll keep you up to speed with the changing world of landscape and the built environment with regular updates that are engaging, accessible and relevant.


Wednesday 7th, Feb 2018

In an effort to highlight and tackle heat issues in Darwin, CLOUSTON Darwin has been working with the NT Government Architect Professor Lawrence Neild and heat mitigation world expert Mat Santamouris (Professor of High Performance Architecture, UNSW) on landscape and building interventions to reduce temperatures throughout Darwin’s CBD.

Research undertaken by Mat has indicated that global temperature increases of 2 degrees can be multiplied by urban heat island effect’s resulting in temperature increases in tropical cities of over 10 degrees! Tree canopy cover and landscape solutions are a key aspect of the integrated solution and will play a major role in reducing surface temperatures that can be as high as 45-67 degrees in the wet season (November to April). These high surface temperatures have a significant impact on human comfort.

Figure 1. Surface temperature in the central CBD area of Darwin exceeds 60°c

Combined with other heat mitigation techniques it has been shown that Darwin’s city wide temperatures could be reduced by 2 degrees, cool noted ‘hotspots’ by as much as 6 degrees and reduce surface temperatures by up to 35 degrees. Preliminary financial modelling has indicated that savings in power costs associated with air-conditioning in Darwin CBD could ‘pay’ for the intervention works within 7 years!

The extensive research and modelling undertaken to date will inform a number of streetscape trial projects to be implemented in 2018. It is anticipated that this work, a first for a tropical city, will have widespread applications in other cities throughout tropical and equatorial regions.

Figure 2. Classification of the cost per degree of temperature drop for each of the considered mitigation technology
The blue zone corresponds to the technologies presenting a low specific cost per degree of temperature drop, while the red zone represents all technologies having a high relative cost. As shown, all considered mitigation technologies, except of the green roofs, are suitable for implementation in the Darwin CBD area.




Monday 28th, Aug 2017

CLOUSTON Associates have a long history in the planning and design of waterway projects. We’ve undertaken the planning and design of more than 40 major waterway projects across Australia.

The “Parameters for the River” was one of our earliest projects. It included a suite of guidelines for the restoration of and access to the Parramatta River and its foreshores. Authored by our founding Director Leonard Lynch for the National Trust in 1976, it’s still delivering change to the Parramatta River today.

Other landmark projects including our Todd and Charles River design in NT and the Clarence River Way masterplan in NSW.

The Queanbeyan project is the latest scheme to win praise. It was recognised at the AILA NSW Awards 2017 and was named NSW/ACT “Park of the Year” at the recent 2017 Parks and Leisure Australia Awards.

Like many riverfront cities, Queanbeyan CBD has over many years turned its back on its greatest asset – the Queanbeyan River. The Queen Elizabeth II Park and Collette Street upgrade redresses this problem. It re-connects the city with its river and establishes the river foreshore as a valuable public asset.

CLOUSTON refined the original masterplan developed for the site by Oxigen. In the process, we have transformed an underutilised riverfront into a dynamic parkland.

The newly activated waterfront provides a focus for river-based activities and events

The new parkland includes:

  • a large central lawn which overlooks the river is shaded by eucalypts
  • a long sloping lawn and terraced amphitheatre provide opportunities for visitors to view and enjoy the river
  • a large multi-use plaza provides space for community events and markets
  • interactive water features create opportunities for children to engage with water

The park helps support a healthy, inclusive and robust community by providing a river-based recreational venue.  The recent Symphony by the River was a huge success with a 500 strong crowd turning out to see the Canberra Symphony Orchestra.  The market terrace hard stand areas provide hard-wearing spaces for market stalls. Lawns, picnic shelters, BBQs and the playground facilitate gathering and social interaction. The interactive water-play park, convenient toilet facilities and playground are a key attraction for families with young children.

The new park works well with the city’s dynamic river system. Its robust design is capable of being submerged by several metres. Its soft riverfront edge also provides a platypus habitat.

Most importantly, the park re-connects the city with its beautiful river

By celebrating rather than ignoring this vital asset, the scene is set for an extended riverfront parkland network.

At the recent 2017 Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) State Awards competition, the project won a Landscape Award for Parks and Open Space. The AILA judging panel commended the strong visual image of repetitive, sculptural forms beside the river that focus on an amphitheatre capable of handling large-scale events. The interactive fountain and play areas have been embraced by the community as a new recreational destination.

The practice continues to develop its work in this field and in the integration of waterfront and parkland at the Parramatta North Urban Transformation site.

For more information on CLOUSTON’s waterways capabilities, call managing Director Crosbie Lorimer on 02 8272 4999.


Wednesday 9th, Aug 2017

You don’t have to have visited the Dry Tropics to know that Darwin can be a very hot city in both the wet and dry seasons. So how do you address such a big issue for the amenity of the City’s residents, visitors and business owners – and where do you start?

One step at a time is the answer.

Starting from a big picture strategy a small initial intervention helps people to understand the issues, why this matters and what could be achieved on a bigger scale.

So, for the CBD Cooling and Revitalising Pop-Up Project in the Darwin CBD two on-street car park bays on Smith Street have been temporarily transformed into a shady alfresco eating and social meeting place.

The pop-up demonstrates how a few simple elements such as trees, gardens, canopy cover and open ventilation can create cool comfortable spaces that will entice people to stop and chat on a city street.

The CLOUSTON Darwin team has been assisting the Property Council NT over the past few months with the planning, design and implementation of the pop up – a first of its kind for Darwin – and last week it was all hands-on-deck helping with construction.

The pop-up created immediate interest amongst the community with the adjoining café enjoying some brisk trade on Day 1!

The CLOUSTON team sees this as a timely initiative in promoting the important conversation about urban cooling in our cities and the ways to address the challenges of urban heat island effect – one step at a time.










Picture: Hamish Stephens (centre) from CLOUSTON pictured with the ‘Pop-Up’ team and the Lord Mayor of Darwin at the opening of the CBD Cooling and Revitalising Pop-Up Project.









Wednesday 20th, Jul 2016


Listen carefully, and you can almost hear the ghosts of John Campbell Esquire and his wife Annabella in the hallway at Bungarribee Homestead. What was once the site of their grand home on their colonial estate is now the centrepiece in the design of a new public parkland in Western Sydney. The Bungarribee Heritage Park, conserves and interprets the national significance of this place. The design of the hilltop park tells the story of the site’s long and colourful history.

Until recently, all that was visible on the site were the garden’s significant trees and the barn floor slab.   Now the footprint of the original homestead has been reinterpreted and the sweeping views to the Blue Mountains retained. The design has been recognised with an Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) Award for Cultural Heritage.  The jury cited that “…The Bungarribee Homestead Park sets a strong precedent for the creation of a respectful, contextual heart for a new residential community”.

Many owners – a colourful history

In 1825, John Campbell built Bungarribee House in the picturesque style made popular in England by architect John Nash.   During the 1840’s the property was primarily used as a horse stud.  It became renowned for the quality of racehorses bred onsite.  The house had successive owners until its untimely demolition in 1957.

Telling the story

  • To tell the story of the site, the footprint of the homestead was translated into sandstone and set within gravel.  Gaps left in the sandstone make it appear as an old ruin with native grass growing through.  A sense of enclosure was created with low walls and planting.
  • The working farm story was expressed through sculptural gateways and artworks.  Many of the streets are named after famous racehorses bred on the site.
  • The history of the site is explained to visitors using a graphic timeline..   The kitchen garden was re-interpreted using decorative herbs such as rosemary and lavender.
  • The surrounding road was lowered four metres to preserve views to the Blue Mountains. This also gave the homestead platform a more significant presence.   The original building footings were preserved over a layer of sand.   The original footings were protected by avoiding the placement of under-ground services or trees nearby.

Working as a team

To achieve this outcome we worked closely with government agencies, our client UrbanGrowth NSW and our consultant team.   This included Heritage specialist Godden Mackey Logan and the following government agencies:

  • The Heritage Office,
  • Western Sydney Parklands Trust,
  • NSW Department of Primary Industries,
  • Office of Environment and Heritage and Blacktown City Council.


The parkland is now the centrepiece to a new community of 2,000 residents and provides valuable public open space and recreation facilities.

Awards Jury comments

Both masterplanning and detail have been carefully considered in this design. The successful integration of landform has allowed the park to retain its prominent, elevated position, whilst lessening the visual impact of the adjacent housing development. The materials palette is contextual and refined, enabling a subtle focus on the interpreted building footprint, whilst also facilitating a robust, beautiful parkland. The Bungarribee Homestead Park sets a strong precedent for the creation of a respectful, contextual heart for a new residential community.

To tell the story of your heritage project, contact our Heritage Portfolio Manager Crosbie Lorimer.


Wednesday 20th, Jul 2016


As Swans guide their goslings across Ironbark Lake, Cormorants are ‘fishing’ at Paddle Street Pond and Long Necked Turtles are foraging amongst the expanding aquatic plantings.  All the while, the district’s new residents are enjoying an afternoon walk or cycle around The Ponds Parklands. In the dry landscape plain of Western Sydney, the value of water to everyone is central to The Ponds 88 Ha open space network, and as a result, this previously degraded agricultural landscape is re-emerging as a vibrant community and environmental asset. It is pivotal to the concept of The Ponds and has been integrated from planning stages to future management to enrich the lives the 10,000 people who will eventually call it home.

Now ten years into its design and staged development, the project has been recognised with a prestigious Award for Parks and Open Space by the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) in their recent State Awards competition.  The AILA judging panel noted that the “project sets a precedent for environmental restoration and the creation of a valuable community resource within an extensive, new suburban context.”

A great place, a living landscape

From the outset, planning and design was focused on creating a space for everyone to live, grow, socialise and a memorable place to call home.   For residents, the opportunities to enjoy the outdoors are abundant.  There are seemingly endless kilometres of pathways to walk the creek lines, or shaded lawns to laze by the lake, an array of playgrounds at which to spend family time, share a picnic or BBQ, or get in a bit of exercise by walking the dog. Cycle paths thread through the parklands and riders may never take the same route twice, and have only three roads to cross. For visiting friends on the other side of the valley, there are 16 bridges of all scales and shapes to emphasise the waterway and add incident to the crossing.  The Ponds is not just a suburb it’s a landscape defines an identity and.builds community.

Home to all creatures great and small

Repairing and managing the environment is a fundamental component of  The Ponds design.   Ten hectares of endangered woodland are protected and 700,000 new plants have been re-introduced to transform the site from degraded pasture land.    Contributing to the identity of The Ponds are five water quality ponds. These are designed to ‘polish’ urban stormwater, and along with Ironbark Lake, provide distinctive and memorable features as landmarks throughout the parklands.  Contaminated, urban stormwater is further treated by twelve hectares of world’s best practice raingardens.  If you visit the ponds now you can find invertebrates, see dragonflies, turtles, wrens, ducks, darters and swans.  All signs of a healthy environment.

An economic success – The fastest selling estate in NSW

Economic sustainability is another consideration  at the forefront of this project.  The Ponds has been a success for both residents and UrbanGrowth NSW.  It was the fastest selling master planned estate in NSW, with all 4200 lots selling two years ahead of schedule.  House prices have more than doubled since they first went on sale.

What the jury said

In summing up the project the AILA Award Jury stated in their citation:

“The Ponds Parklands is an example of successful masterplanning, rigorous process, and patience. Situated within a newly constructed suburb and created over 10 years, the Ponds Parklands forms 88 hectares of contiguous parkland that have revitalised a previously degraded landscape.

The project team have worked consistently to ensure a careful balance between public amenity, ecological conservation and restoration: over 10Ha of Cumberland Plain Woodland are conserved, whilst extensive public facilities provide for a diversity of recreation.

Despite the lengthy project gestation, the team has ensured rigorous design principles underpin each phase, creating a well-detailed, well-loved facility for current and future users. This project sets a precedent for environmental restoration and the creation of a valuable community resource within an extensive, new suburban context.”

We would like to thank all involved in the Ponds over the years including the many consultants, artists and contractors.  For help with Water Sensitive Urban Design and parkland planning for your project contact either our Residential Portfolio Manager or our Open Space Portfolio Manager.


CLOUSTON’s Darwin Office Wins 2016 Jury Prize in My Park Rules Competition

Monday 16th, May 2016

Some exciting news for CLOUSTON yesterday was the announcement that Alice Outcomes, an innovative senior students college in Alice Springs, has won national recognition for its self-help initiative for improving the school’s grounds and social environment. Alice Outcomes’ entry in the national competition My Park Rules, was awarded the 2016 Jury Prize alongside the National Winner, Marrickville Public School in Sydney, from a field of nearly 100 entries submitted by schools right around Australia.


We are delighted for Alice Outcomes, not only because CLOUSTON were the community’s design and technical assistants in giving a professional Landscape Architecture touch to their Finals entry, but for the added momentum the award brings to the real object here – getting the project built. We were convinced from the outset the project was a winner and we are pleased the National Jury so clearly agreed.  They singled the project out for the award precisely because they are as keen as Alice Outcomes to see the concept realized, a prime objectives of the competition and its sponsors’ support.


My Park Rules itself emanates from the  program  202020 Vision, an initiative of a group of creative organizations that includes The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA),  its overarching aim being to “create 20% more and better green space by 2020.” As a competition for stimulating community creativity, it reaches out to all Australian schools and kindergartens, inviting their ideas for improving a local park, their playground  and the schools environment.  This year the field of 100 entries exhibited online generated  30,000 votes for a community favorite . One Finalist chosen from each State and Territory was teamed up with a Landscape Architect to develop their concept, and these were scrutinized by a Jury of eminent professionals and public figures including Lucy Turnbull AO, Josh Byrne, Sacha Coles, Tonia Gray, Mary Jevons, Kylie Legge, and Nick Forostenko.


CLOUSTON’s Darwin office was motivated to support Alice Outcomes , recognizing it as an imaginative education and social engagement program for young people disadvantaged  by their remote location or personal challenges. It aims to provide a secure and supportive environment for students ranging from the ages of 16 to 25 to accomplish and re-build self-confidence, and then go on to further education and employment. While classroom and teaching resources at Alice Outcomes are fine, the grounds of the college are far from it – little purposeful structure, user comfort, recreational opportunity or engaging character. The award winning concept reverses all that  – proposing tree shaded outdoor learning spaces, student break-out areas, discrete counseling spaces, play areas for the kids of young parents attending Alice Outcomes, vegetable gardens and group picnic areas. As a space transformed to encourage social interaction and pride of place, this park can contribute to transforming peoples’ lives.  That’s an outcome reflecting one of the fundamental principles of design for CLOUSTON – creating landscape with social purpose.


Congratulations Alice Outcomes !







Latest – likes and links

Wednesday 9th, Mar 2016

Welcome to our updated website

We hope you enjoy taking the time to find out more about our practice and to explore the many projects on which we have worked, some still in progress and others in active use for more than 25 years.

Many of you will be familiar with the profession of Landscape Architecture and indeed may have worked on projects with CLOUSTON over the years.

For those less familiar with our profession – and that includes many in the broader community – the question often arises “What exactly is Landscape Architecture?”

A good question… and one with no one simple answer, given the broad reach of the profession.

So, as part of a wide ranging questionnaire that we put to our whole team to assist with our website upgrade, we set ourselves the task of completing the following sentence, “What people don’t know about this profession is…”

Here’s a small selection of insights (and humour) from our team…

“Landscape architects are not only designers but planners, innovators, coordinators, mediators, managers, marketers, environmental advocates and more” Jessica Crawford, senior landscape architect, Darwin office

“We work at such varied scales, from whole city strategies to parks and streetscapes down to the finest detail” Tim Sickinger, graduate landscape architect, Sydney office

“There’s more to it than trimming hedges and mowing lawns (actually we never do this), but it seems to be a common perception!” Andrew Pringle, landscape architect, Sydney office

“Great design is sometimes hard to see. It’s not just about aesthetics but also how well things work and how good your experience of a place is. Creating seamless, simple outcomes takes great skill, yet is almost invisible because it simply works” Martin O’Dea, associate director

“We’re not landscapers! There is more to landscape architecture than designing a backyard. We create spaces and experiences, trying to engage people in a space and feel a part of something bigger” Larissa Carpenter, graduate landscape architect, Sydney office

“Landscape architecture is very much concerned with the broader effects that open space has on our society and environment. This profession requires us to have passion for our living environments, and to be able to critically evaluate the way we live” Han Bao, graduate landscape architect, Sydney office

“So much of our work is hidden from view – we are the ninjas of the design profession!” Adele Mammone, graduate architect, Darwin office

“Our work is more about what we understand about people than it is about plants. Our training and experience prepares us for resolving issues around how people use, move through and enjoy places. We are committed to problem solving and creative solutions that will pass the test of time and still have meaning now and in the future” Tony Cox, director, Darwin office

If you’d like to see more of our team’s personal insights as to how they see their chosen profession and their working lives and experiences at CLOUSTON, you might want to check out our staff profiles under ‘People’.